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Ventura Wealth Clients
2 min Read

The Indian stock market offers a plethora of mutual fund options to cater to diverse investment goals and risk appetites. Two prominent categories that often pique investor interest are mid-cap funds and flexi-cap funds. This blog delves into their characteristics, highlighting the key differences to empower you to invest in mutual funds that best suits your investment strategy.

What is market capitalisation? 

Market capitalisation (market cap) refers to the total market value of a company's outstanding shares. It is used to categorise companies into different segments:

  • Large-Cap Companies: These are the biggest and most established companies in the Indian market, typically with a market cap exceeding Rs. 20,000 crores.
  • Mid-Cap Companies: These companies fall in the middle, with a market cap generally ranging from Rs. 5,000 crores to Rs. 20,000 crores.
  • Small-Cap Companies: These are the smallest companies listed on the stock exchange, with a market cap typically below Rs. 5,000 crores.

What are mid-cap funds?

  • Investment Focus: Mid-cap funds primarily invest in stocks of mid-sized companies. These companies have the potential for high growth but also carry a higher degree of risk compared to large-cap companies.
  • Return Potential: Mid-cap funds have the potential to offer higher returns compared to large-cap funds due to the growth prospects of the underlying companies.
  • Risk Profile: Mid-cap stocks are generally more volatile than large-cap stocks, translating to higher risk for investors.

What are flexi-cap funds?

  • Investment Mandate: Flexi-cap funds offer fund managers the flexibility to invest across the entire market capitalization spectrum – large-cap, mid-cap, and small-cap companies.
  • Dynamic Asset Allocation: Fund managers can adjust the allocation between different market segments based on their market outlook. This allows them to potentially capitalise on growth opportunities across the market.
  • Risk-Return Profile: The risk-return profile of a flexi-cap fund can vary depending on the asset allocation chosen by the fund manager. Generally, it falls somewhere between a mid-cap fund and a large-cap fund.

Mid-cap funds vs flexi-cap funds

The ideal choice between a mid-cap fund and a flexi-cap fund depends on your investment goals and risk tolerance:

  • Mid-Cap Funds: Suitable for investors with a higher risk tolerance and a long-term investment horizon (ideally 5-7 years or more) who are seeking the potential for higher returns.
  • Flexi-Cap Funds: Can be a good option for investors seeking a balance between risk and return. They offer diversification across market caps and potentially smoother returns compared to pure mid-cap funds. Flexi-cap funds can also be suitable for investors with a moderate risk tolerance who are comfortable with some volatility.

Additional considerations

  • Investment Horizon: Both mid-cap and flexi-cap funds are suitable for long-term investors due to the inherent market fluctuations.
  • Risk Tolerance: Carefully assess your risk tolerance before investing in either category. These funds can experience higher volatility compared to large-cap funds.
  • Fund Management: Research the track record and investment philosophy of the fund manager before investing.


Regardless of your choice between a mid-cap or flexi-cap fund, consider incorporating diversification into your overall investment portfolio. This can help mitigate risk and potentially improve your long-term returns. Consulting with a qualified financial advisor can be beneficial in determining the most suitable investment options for your specific financial goals and risk profile.