After opening a demat account and embarking on the stock market journey, many investors struggle to make their first trade, and for one of the weirdest reasons—they don’t understand stock market order types. We thought of addressing this concern through this article.
Let us understand the types of orders in trading.
Buy order: As the name suggests, a buy order is placed when you want to buy a security.
Sell order: A sell order is placed when you want to sell the shares or securities you want to.
Limit order: Indicating a specific price point to be traded at, a limit order can be placed either with a buy order or a sell order.
Market order: This order, too, can be combined with a buy order or a sell order. When you place a market order, you are ready to buy/sell a stock at a price prevailing in the market. When you place a market order, you must keep in mind that your execution price can be different from the price you saw on your screen before entering the trade. Market liquidity affects this order type greatly. Use market orders only on highly liquid counters.
Stoploss order: When you take a position on either of the sides—buy or sell—you can protect your downside by placing a conditional counter-order (stoploss order) with a trigger price known as a stop-loss trigger price. For instance, when you buy a stock at Rs 100 and can absorb a maximum loss of 10%, you can place a (sell) stop-loss order with Rs 91 as the stop-loss trigger price. If prices fall to this indicated price, the sell trade will be triggered.
Bracket order: Bracket order is a 3-in-1 order specially designed for intraday traders. It combines a buy/sell order, a stop-loss order and a target order. This order also has an auto-square-off facility if none of the conditional orders gets triggered—stop-loss and target order to be specific. Bracket order helps a trader automate trading decisions. For instance, if a stop-loss order is triggered, then the target order is automatically cancelled. Similarly, if the target is triggered, then the stop-loss order is automatically cancelled.
Cover order: Cover order, a type of intraday order, has two legs—initial trade + stop-loss order. This is less sophisticated as compared to a pure bracket order since it lacks the target trigger. Nonetheless, it can help intraday traders curb losses in case they can’t devote time to trading.
Disclose Quantity Order: Disclose quantity order is handy when you don’t want other participants to know the exact quantity you want to buy/sell. For instance, you may want to buy 1,000 shares but want to disclose only 200 shares at a time. In this case, you might use the disclose quantity feature. The biggest advantage of combining the disclose quantity feature with a buy order or a sell order is that order execution happens as directed, without each leg getting labelled as a separate trade.
After-Market Order: You can place this type of order before markets open and after markets close. An After-Market Order is suitable if you want to trade in the pre-opening trading window.
Intraday Order: Intraday order helps you enter a day trade with or without using leverage. The positions are auto-squared if not exited manually before the closing. An intraday order can be part of either a buy order or a sell order.
Delivery A delivery order is placed when you want to take the delivery of securities and carry your trade positions. Delivery orders help you add and sell the securities from your holdings and positions.
Day Order: A day order is valid for a day. If a particular trade isn’t executed during the trading session, the order gets cancelled automatically at the end of the day.
Immediate-or-Cancel: An Immediate-or-Cancel (IoC) order is placed when you want an order to be triggered immediately. If it is not triggered, then the order is automatically cancelled.
GTT: A GTT order, with a validity of a year, allows an investor to set a trigger price and a target price. The order is then placed with the exchange whenever the asset meets the trigger price within the next year.
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