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Ventura Wealth Clients
3 min Read

In the realm of mutual funds, diversification is key. But when it comes to specific investment strategies, sectoral funds and thematic funds offer concentrated exposure to particular areas of the market. This blog delves into the key distinctions between these two types of funds, empowering you to make informed investment decisions.

What are sectoral funds?

  • Definition: Sectoral funds invest primarily in companies belonging to a specific industry sector, such as banking, pharmaceuticals, information technology, or FMCG (Fast Moving Consumer Goods).
  • Investment Strategy: These funds adhere to a pre-defined mandate, typically allocating at least 80% of their corpus to stocks within the chosen sector.
  • Benefits:

    • Potential for High Returns: If the chosen sector experiences a boom, sectoral funds can offer significant capital appreciation.
    • Industry Expertise: Fund managers possess in-depth knowledge of the specific sector, potentially leading to superior stock selection.

  • Risks:

    • Concentration Risk: Sectoral funds are highly exposed to the performance of a single sector. If the sector underperforms the broader market, the fund's returns can suffer significantly.
    • Limited Diversification: The lack of diversification across different sectors can expose investors to greater volatility.

What are thematic funds?

  • Definition: Thematic funds invest in companies across various sectors that are united by a common theme or trend. These themes can be based on technological advancements (e.g., artificial intelligence), economic trends (e.g., infrastructure development), or social changes (e.g., environmental sustainability).
  • Investment Strategy: Thematic funds have more flexibility in their investment universe compared to sectoral funds. They can invest in companies from different sectors as long as they are aligned with the chosen theme.
  • Benefits:

    • Exposure to Growth Trends: Thematic funds offer investors a chance to capitalise on emerging trends that have the potential for high growth.
    • Diversification Within a Theme: While thematic funds focus on a particular theme, they inherently possess some level of diversification across sectors, potentially mitigating risk compared to sectoral funds.

  • Risks:

    • Theme Dependence: Thematic funds' performance is heavily reliant on the chosen theme's success. If the theme loses traction, the fund's returns could suffer.
    • Less Established Track Record: Compared to sectoral funds, thematic funds might have a shorter track record, making it challenging to assess their long-term performance potential.

Also read: Thematic Funds for Emerging Trends: AI, Metaverse, and Beyond

Sectoral funds vs thematic funds: where should you invest?

The decision between sectoral and thematic funds and how you should invest in mutual funds hinges on your risk tolerance and investment goals:

  • Aggressive Investors: If you have a high-risk tolerance and are seeking potentially high returns, sectoral funds could be an option, provided you understand the inherent concentration risk.
  • Growth-Oriented Investors: Thematic funds might be suitable for investors seeking exposure to long-term growth trends while aiming for some level of diversification through the inclusion of companies from various sectors.
  • Conservative Investors: If you prioritise capital preservation and a smoother investment journey, consider diversified equity funds that spread your investment across multiple sectors and industries.

Beyond the basics: additional considerations

  • Fund Performance: Analyse the historical performance of the fund compared to its benchmark index and relevant peers.
  • Expense Ratio: Lower expense ratios translate to higher returns for investors in the long run.
  • Fund Management: Research the experience and track record of the fund manager to assess their mutual fund investment philosophy and expertise.


Sectoral and thematic funds offer unique investment propositions. By comprehending the differences between these two approaches, you can make informed decisions that align with your risk tolerance and financial goals. Remember, diversification remains a cornerstone of prudent investing. Consider consulting with a qualified financial advisor to craft a personalised investment strategy that leverages these funds strategically within a well-diversified portfolio.