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What is XIRR?

XIRR, or Extended Internal Rate of Return, is a method used to calculate your ROI over time. It is an ideal way to calculate your returns for multiple fixed (regular cash flow) or even variable (irregular cash flow) amounts of transactions taking place on different dates. It plays a crucial role in calculating the returns of mutual fund investments with an SIP. XIRR, when applied to each Systematic Investment Plan (SIP), provides the actual returns on your investment.

Importance of XIRR in mutual funds

For mutual fund investments, XIRR holds immense significance. As the instalments of an SIP are paid at different points in time, the NAV (Net Asset Value) of the fund may change. Consequently, it is difficult to calculate the returns. So, XIRR in Mutual Funds is helpful for investors to understand the actual performance of their investments. 

The XIRR metric goes beyond merely calculating ROI. It offers a more accurate representation of your portfolio’s performance. Investors may sell a part of their assets or pause a few months of SIPs. In such instances, XIRR makes it convenient for investors to calculate their returns.

How XIRR functions

XIRR takes into consideration the timing and quantity of each cash flow that goes into an investment. This factors in the irregular investment intervals at which the transactions occur, thus offering a precise evaluation of your investment’s rate of return. As a result, XIRR works wonders for investors in understanding and managing the intricacies of investments and providing an elaborate picture of their financial performance.

Guidance on Excel-based XIRR calculation

Microsoft Excel or Google Sheets prove to be a powerful tool to efficiently calculate XIRR. The XIRR formula in Excel lets you streamline the computation process. You can input the cash flows and the corresponding dates and Excel generates the XIRR. It is a user-friendly approach that is simple and accessible, thereby fostering a better understanding of their mutual fund investments and helping investors make informed decisions in online trading.

  • In the first column, enter your SIPs or transactions in negative. If there’s an interest inflow, put that in as a positive figure.
  • Add the dates in the next column.
  • In the last row, enter the current value of your mutual fund investments.
  • Use the XIRR function in Excel.

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